January February March April May June July August September October November December (2)
January (7) February March April May June July August September October November December

Cape Chignecto Provincial Park Adventire Day 16, July 14

July 15, 2021

Today was a good day; sunshine, no fog and light winds. This is the day we did the Fundy Ridge trail, 5,.4 kilometres and a 160 metre (500 foot) vertical ascent. It was much harder than it appears.



  • Visiting Nova Scotia Provincial Parks will look different this season. COVID-19 protocols are posted at each park and new safety measures to protect employees and visitors will be in place, including restrictions to services and facilities within our parks. Before visiting, please visit:
    • Beaches, trails and picnic areas will be open however playgrounds and group shelters remain closed at this time
    • Visitors must practice physical distancing


Hikers will experience an old-growth forest ecosystem and breathtaking views of Advocate Bay. The trail descends at McGahey Brook with steps to the beach. It is about a 1.5-km (0.9-mi.) hike back along the shore (take note that a high tide may delay your return trip).

Trailhead: Red Rocks Visitor Centre
Significant Feature: Old growth forests, ocean scenery, beach access
Length: 5.4 kilometres (3.3 miles) return
Hiking Time: 2–3 hours
Elevation: 150 metres (500 feet)

Cape Chignecto is a 5,951-hectare natural environment park on a dramatic coastal peninsula. This park offers you an opportunity to appreciate some of the most pristine natural features found in Nova Scotia. Towering 185-metre-high cliffs, 29 kilometres (18 miles) of coastline, some of Nova Scotia's most significant geological features, deep valleys, sheltered coves, old growth forests and the world's highest tides can all be found here. The spectacular scenery and the wilderness experience will bring you back time after time.

Visitors wishing to enjoy wilderness hiking and camping must use the Red Rocks Visitor Centre entrance at 1108 West Advocate Road – GPS N45 20.975 W64 49.414. Eatonville day-use park visitors must travel the West Apple River Road to the entrance at the Eatonville Visitor Centre  – GPS N45 25.300 W64 53.657. (The centre is closed until further notice; however, the trails remain open.) A park or camping permit is required and visitors must check in and out of the park so we know you are safe.

The park season is from the May long weekend through to the Thanksgiving weekend in October.

For your comfort and safety:
• The tidal range and steep cliffs may trap unwary hikers. The tide rises and falls at a rate of 1 inch per minute.
• Hiking along the beach west of McGahey Brook is not permitted.
• Approach cliffs only at designated viewing areas. The cliff line is constantly eroding and may be unstable.
• The Cape Chignecto ecosystem is unique and may be fragile. Do not remove or damage plants and wildlife.
• No open fires are permitted at back-country campsites. Fires are only permitted at designated walk-in campsites (fire grills) at New Yarmouth.
• Pack out all garbage.
• Boil, filter or treat all water before consuming.
• Weather may be unpredictable. Bring all-weather gear and comfortable hiking boots.
• Do not approach large mammals such as moose and black bear.
• For your own safety, please stay on the trail.


Bald Eagle on the Beach Near the Ascent Point to the Fundy Ridge

Bald Eagle 400Bald Eagle 400

Blind Photograph of Blue-headed Vireo

Blue-headed Vireo 100Blue-headed Vireo 100

Canada Hawkweed on the Trail

Canada Hawkweed 300Canada Hawkweed 300

Cape d'Or Photograph Taken Later This Day

Cape d'Or 200Cape d'Or 200

Eastern Bluebirds are Getting More Wary, Perhaps a Sign of Good Things to Come

Eastern Bluebird 900Eastern Bluebird 900 Eastern Bluebird 901Eastern Bluebird 901 Eastern Bluebird 902Eastern Bluebird 902

Eastern Toad on Fundy Ridge

Eastern Toad 100Eastern Toad 100

Forget Me Not

Forget Me Not 100Forget Me Not 100 Forget Me Not 101Forget Me Not 101

Photos in Order of Our Trek to the Fundy Ridge

Fundy Ridge Trail 100Fundy Ridge Trail 100 Fundy Ridge Trail 101Fundy Ridge Trail 101 Fundy Ridge Trail 102Fundy Ridge Trail 102 Fundy Ridge Trail 103Fundy Ridge Trail 103 Fundy Ridge Trail 104Fundy Ridge Trail 104 Fundy Ridge Trail 105Fundy Ridge Trail 105 Fundy Ridge Trail 106Fundy Ridge Trail 106 Fundy Ridge Trail 107Fundy Ridge Trail 107 Fundy Ridge Trail 108Fundy Ridge Trail 108 Fundy Ridge Trail 109Fundy Ridge Trail 109 Fundy Ridge Trail 110Fundy Ridge Trail 110 Fundy Ridge Trail 111Fundy Ridge Trail 111 Fundy Ridge Trail 112Fundy Ridge Trail 112 Fundy Ridge Trail 113Fundy Ridge Trail 113 Fundy Ridge Trail 114Fundy Ridge Trail 114 Fundy Ridge Trail 115Fundy Ridge Trail 115 Fundy Ridge Trail 116Fundy Ridge Trail 116 Fundy Ridge Trail 117Fundy Ridge Trail 117 Fundy Ridge Trail 118Fundy Ridge Trail 118 Fundy Ridge Trail 119Fundy Ridge Trail 119 Fundy Ridge Trail 120Fundy Ridge Trail 120 Fundy Ridge Trail 121Fundy Ridge Trail 121 Fundy Ridge Trail 122Fundy Ridge Trail 122 Fundy Ridge Trail 123Fundy Ridge Trail 123 Fundy Ridge Trail 124Fundy Ridge Trail 124 Fundy Ridge Trail 125Fundy Ridge Trail 125 Fundy Ridge Trail 126Fundy Ridge Trail 126 Fundy Ridge Trail 127Fundy Ridge Trail 127 Fungus 100Fungus 100 Fungus 101Fungus 101

Indian Pipe, an Unusual Plant that has no Chlorophyll


Monotropa uniflora

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Monotropa uniflora
Indian pipe PDB.JPG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Ericaceae
Genus: Monotropa
M. uniflora
Binomial name
Monotropa uniflora

Monotropa uniflora, also known as ghost plant, ghost pipe or Indian pipe, is an herbaceous perennial plant native to temperate regions of Asia, North America and northern South America, but with large gaps between areas.[1][2] The plant is sometimes completely waxy white, but often has black flecks or pale pink coloration.[3] Rare variants may have a deep red color.

Taxonomy and background

It was formerly classified in the family Monotropaceae, but is now included within the Ericaceae. It is of ephemeral occurrence, depending on the right conditions (moisture after a dry period) to appear full grown within a couple of days.

Unlike most plants, it is white and does not contain chlorophyll.[4] Instead of generating energy from sunlight, it is parasitic, and more specifically a mycoheterotroph. Its hosts are certain fungi[4] that are mycorrhizal with trees, meaning it ultimately gets its energy from photosynthetic trees. Since it is not dependent on sunlight to grow, it can grow in very dark environments as in the understory of dense forest. It is often associated with beech trees.[5] The complex relationship that allows this plant to grow also makes propagation difficult.

Like most mycoheterotrophic plants, M. uniflora associates with a small range of fungal hosts, all of them members of Russulaceae.[6]


The stems reach heights of 5–30 centimetres (2.0–11.8 in), sheathed with highly reduced leaves 5–10 millimetres (0.20–0.39 in) long, best identified as scales or bracts. These structures are small, thin, and translucent; they do not have petioles but instead extend in a sheath-like manner out of the stem.

As its scientific name suggests, and unlike the related Monotropa hypopitys (but like the close relation Monotropastrum humile), the stems bear a single flower 10–20 millimetres (0.39–0.79 in) long, with 3–8 translucent petals, 10–12 stamens and a single pistil.[7][8][9][10] It flowers from early summer to early autumn, often a few days after rainfall. The fruit, an oval capsule-like structure, enlarges and becomes upright when the seeds mature, at this point stem and capsule looking desiccated and dark brown or black.

The seeds of M. uniflora are small, ranging between 0.6-0.8 mm in length.[11]


The flowers of M. uniflora are visited by various bee and fly species, most commonly bumblebees.[12] Bumblebees are an important pollen dispersal agent for the plant.


Monotropa uniflora is found in three general distribution areas: Asia, North America, and Central and northern South America. DNA analysis has shown that these three populations are genetically distinct from one another.[1] Furthermore, the North American population and the Central/South American population appear to be more closely related to each other than either are related to the Asian population.

M. uniflora has 48 chromosomes.[13]


The plant has been used as a nervine in herbal medicine since the late nineteenth century.[14]



Indian Pipe on Fundy Ridge

Indian Pipe 100Indian Pipe 100 Indian Pipe 101Indian Pipe 101 Indian Pipe 102Indian Pipe 102

Late Day Clouds

Late Day Cloud 100Late Day Cloud 100 Late Day Cloud 101Late Day Cloud 101 Late Day Cloud 102Late Day Cloud 102

Least Sandpiper, Our First Shorebirds

The peeps, Least Sandpiper and Semipalmated Plover will arrive on mass the third week of July

Least Sandpiper 100Least Sandpiper 100


Raven 300Raven 300

Red Hawkweed

Red Hawkweed 200Red Hawkweed 200

European Starling

This amazing bird is more a kin to humans than other bird species; intelligent, gregarious, aggressive, devoted to their young and highly adaptable.

Starlings Flying 100Starlings Flying 100

White-winged Crossbills

They are everywhere now and I still have not used my big telephoto-wait for it.

White-winged Crossbill 200White-winged Crossbill 200

Yellow Warbler

Yellow Warbler 300Yellow Warbler 300 Yellow Warbler 301Yellow Warbler 301